Owepar At the request of a fella I met here at RetroJunk, I decided to write an article on the history of the horror genre from the '70s-'90s. As a kid, I had an obsession with horror movies and by the time I moved out of my parent's home, I'd blown through all of the films in the horror sections of three local video stores. As I tinkered with the idea for an article, I quickly realized that I couldn't not make mention of the films that paved the way, and if I were to do one article, it'd wind up being a thousand pages. I figure the best way to do this is as a series of articles, with different sub-genres, so we'll begin with what's arguably the most popular of the aforementioned era:
Edit Possibly the earliest film that could be called a slasher, Thirteen Women tells the story of an old college sorority whose former members are set against one another by a vengeful peer, seeking penance for the prejudice they bestowed on her because of her mixed race heritage. The film was immensely controversial when first released, critics called it misogynistic similar to the slasher films of the golden age.
However, the infamous shower sequence has since become a classic of horror cinema, and the film itself hailed by contemporary critics as a modern masterpiece. Blood Feast was made quickly and cheaply but differed from its genre contemporaries in that it featured the stalking and mutilation of beautiful women.
Giallo Edit Another influence for the slasher sub-genre was the Italian Giallo genre. This film genre was made up of films done by various Italian directors, most notably Dario Argento and Mario Bava. These films were known for extended, graphic Slasher genre sequences and bizarre storylines.
It helped kick start the slasher Slasher genre. Johnson also states of Blood and Blace Lace that "Equipped with his colored gels and his predatory camera, Bava arguably created the slasher subgenre and kicked down the door for subsequent directors to stick in their cinematic blades as well, for better or worse.
Hitchcock toyed with us, Powell showed us but kept his emotional distance, but Bava passionately reveled in the shock of it all. Camera as weapon; the masked killer as cipher upon whom the audience was almost gleefully invited to imprint their darkest animosities.
While such films have existed since the earliest days of moviemaking, they were popularized in the s with the general relaxing of cinematic taboos in the United States and Europe. Additionally, low budget filmmakers used sensational elements to attract audiences away from television.
The s saw a number of new filmmakers such as Wes Craven, Tobe Hooper, John Carpenter and others making names for themselves in the horror genre.
Many of these directors were young, but would soon be considered important to the horror genre. Halloween, though not the first film of its kind, was the first to introduce the concept of the slasher as an indestructible evil force and is often considered the film responsible for the rise of the slasher trend, popularizing many of what would become key elements in the genre.
A long succession of slasher films started to be produced, though Halloween actually has far less graphic violence than the slasher genre has become known for.
Earlier films, such as Psycho and The Texas Chain Saw Massacrewere also revived and given a series of increasingly gory sequels in attempts to compete with other franchises. Even feminists took a satirical stab at the sub-genre with Slumber Party Massacre Franchises and Anti-Heroes Edit Long-running franchises in the genre tended to focus more and more on the returning villain than on surviving victims, effectively transforming characters once viewed as frightening monsters into antiheroes.
LeatherfaceFreddy KruegerJason VoorheesMichael MyersChucky and the Jigsaw Killerall of whom have become some of the most recognizable 20th century American pop culture icons.
Decline and Direct-To-Video Edit The profitability of the slasher genre began to dwindle, and controversy over the subject matter would eventually persuade some studios to stop producing and distributing slasher films.The slasher film (sometimes referred to as bodycount films and dead teenager movies) is a sub-genre of horror film typically involving a psychopathic killer (sometimes wearing a mask) who stalks and graphically murders a series of adolescent victims in a typically random, unprovoked fashion.
The slasher film (sometimes referred to as bodycount films and dead teenager movies) is a sub-genre of horror film typically involving a psychopathic killer (sometimes wearing a mask) who stalks and graphically murders a series of adolescent victims in a typically random, unprovoked fashion, killing many within a single day.
Overview of slasher movies, including their characteristics, their history and a selection of noteworthy horror films in that sub-genre. Teen Horror. Again, not really a sub-genre in itself since it describes a kind of film that can be found in almost any sub-genre (slasher mostly, but also vampires, monsters, ghost, etc.).
Usually very cheesy, this kind of movie always features dumb teens, a childish romance and an almost compulsory happy ending.
A slasher film is a film in the subgenre of horror films involving a violent psychopath stalking and murdering a group of people, usually by use of bladed tools.
By the start of the '90s, the slasher concept had worn thin, with fewer and fewer films succeeding at the box office. But in , Wes Craven 's, an often tongue-in-cheek affair that toyed with the conventions of slashers, became the biggest hit the genre had ever seen.