Construction[ edit ] Alcatraz Cellhouse The main cellhouse was originally the location of the cellhouse for the military citadel and prison which existed on Alcatraz from the s. Iron staircases in the interior and the cellhouse door near the barber's shop at the end of A-block were retained from the old citadel and massive granite blocks originally used as gun mounts were reused as the wharf 's bulkheads and retaining walls. Army's use of the island for over 80 years —the island came under the jurisdiction of the U.
If you would like to download a non-abridged, fully sourced version containing all of the original charts and references scanned from the print based version, please click the link provided to download this publication in a PDF format which was scanned and created by the National Park Service.
The photographs and associated captions are not those included in the original print version. Please download the PDF version to view the native format and imagery. Erwin Thompson conducting research on Alcatraz in Preface This historic resource study of Alcatraz Island does not have an approved task directive.
However, it has been prepared in accordance with the standards and regulations concerning historic preservation. The objective has been to complete a document that will prove useful to planning, management, preservation, and interpretation.
Direct quotations herein have on rare occasion been carefully modified by minor punctuation. Care has been taken not to change the original meaning. The actual rank of army officers is used throughout the report, their brevet grades being ignored.
Also, in describing the post-Civil War years, officers are referred to by their regular army grades, not by their wartime positions. When my research notes were stolen and I had to return to San Bruno to repeat the research, these people still welcomed me.
There are too many to name and I am bound to forget someone, but I am in the debt of that whole grand group of people who kept the records coming month after month.
A special thanks goes to Dr. Everley, who graciously replied to my letters of inquiry on a number of esoteric subjects. This was one of the most exhausting weeks in my entire research career, but it was also one of the most rewarding.
My thanks also to Donald Mosholder, who introduced me to the records of the Bureau of Prisons. Other people in the Washington, D. Strobridge, Center of Military History, Department of the Army, who identified material most useful in this study.
Hussey of Piedmont, California, historian of all things Californian, gave generously of his knowledge and time on a number of occasions over the months.
Joyce Berry, reference librarian for the California Historical Society, kindly made available for study a large number of documents pertaining to Alcatraz. The entire staff at the California State Library at Sacramento deserves praise for its unstinting aid.
Worthy of special mention is the incredible index to California newspapers, which saved me countless hours. My thanks go to all these people and institutions. Three National Park Service historians require special mention: Bearss, Anna Coxe Toogood, and F.
Toogood, my collaborator in the historical study of Golden Gate National Recreation Area GGNRAshared with me not only the agonies and triumphs of the research but also much-needed mutual uplifting of morale when thieves made off with our research notes and when we ran out of time. John Martini has earned my special gratitude for time after time donating his days off to guide me around the historic resources.
Likewise, my thanks go to the entire Historic Preservation unit at the Western Regional Office, especially to Gordon Chappell, whose interest in the project is very much appreciated.
My appreciation goes, too, to the historic architect Harold A. LaFleur, Denver Service Center, who almost daily gave me sound advise on architectural and preservation matters. He also skillfully organized the large collection of historic maps and building plans for the area.
Thanks also go to Greg Moore and Rolf Diamont, park planners, Denver Service Center, who were always willing and ready to assist in this project. And these pages would not be available were it not for the editorial wisdom of Linda Wedel Greene and the typing perfection of Lael Cleys on the original manuscript, Denver Service Center.
My gratitude goes to both of them. Ron in his role as a coordinator, advisor, supporter, and friend throughout the long, and sometimes weary, months has made this project a joy for me.Alcatraz Informative Speech Outline General Purpose: To inform the class Specific Purpose: To describe to the audience a brief history of rutadeltambor.com: Alcatraz has been a popular social topic because of the mystery that surrounds it and the stories exaggerated in movies and television shows.
INTRODUCTION I. If you disobey the . History of Alcatraz Meghan Norris ENC Composition II Virginia Fontana 9/28/12 Everest University Online Alcatraz has a very long and dark history that not many people know many people know it as a prison that held the most hardened criminals that other prisons couldn’t handle.
In Michael Esslinger's latest book, Letters From Alcatraz, the prisoners' stories come to life in their own words. With over twenty years of research, Esslinger, author of Alcatraz: Definitive History of the Penitentiary Years, has salvaged and compiled an extraordinary collection of inmates' letters, many never before published.
Alcatraz Island (/ ˈ æ l k ə ˌ t r æ z /) is located in San Francisco Bay, miles ( km) offshore from San Francisco, California, United States. The small island was developed with facilities for a lighthouse, a military fortification, a military prison (), and a federal prison from until .
Erwin N. Thompson DENVER SERVICE CENTER HISTORIC PRESERVATION DIVISION CONTENTS PREFACE / ix ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS / x LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS / xiV I.
AN INTRODUCTION TO ALCATRAZ ISLAND / 1 A. Historical Significance / 1 B. The ·Rock Is a Rock: A Description / 1 C. Alcatraz Gets a Name: . Alcatraz Screw is a firsthand account from a prison guard’s perspective of some of the most storied years at the infamous U.S. Penitentiary at Alcatraz.
George Gregory began his career as a guard for the Federal Bureau of Prisons in Following his training, .